Verifying an Aircraft Collision Avoidance Neural Network with Marabou
C. Liu, D. Cofer, D. Osipychev
NASA Formal Methods Symposium, May 2023
In this case study, we have explored the use of a neural network model checker to analyze the safety characteristics of a neural network trained using reinforcement learning to compute collision avoidance flight plans for aircraft. We analyzed specific aircraft encounter geometries (e.g. head-on, overtake) and also examined robustness of the neural network. We verified the minimum horizontal separation property by identifying conditions where the neural network can potentially cause a transition from a safe state to an unsafe state. We show how the property verification problem is mathematically transformed and encoded as linear-constraints that can be analyzed by the Marabou model checker.